California has the highest population in the USA. The 2010 federal census discloses that 37,253,956 people reside in California. By 2020, the figure is going to go over 42 million.
Californians belong to different communities and come from varied ethnic backgrounds. The state has seen immigration from the world over and has become a culturally rich and an interesting land.
Population Of California 2013 : Strong foreign influences
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In 1860, the federal census revealed that 308,000 people lived in California. This figure is three times the population count that existed in 1848. The sudden rise in the population can be attributed to the Gold Rush that began in 1848.
James W. Marshall stumbled upon a piece of gold in the American River while building a sawmill. This news created a sensation not only amongst the Americans but also in the people living in foreign lands. The possibility of the existence of more gold in California attracted a mammoth number of migrants from eastern America, Chile, China, Germany, France, Mexico, Ireland, and Turkey to this state.
The main influences on the California population 2013 are as follows:
By 1850, California had become a home to people of multiple nationalities. The same year, the Chinese nationals were subjected to severe legislation. The Congress passed the Foreign Miners’ Tax, which forced the Chinese nationals to pay $20 as tax.
The ridiculously high amount of the tax caused the revocation of the tax law in 1851. However, before the revocation came through, a number of Chinese had already left California for San Francisco where they established Chinatown.
In 1852, California witnessed a massive immigration of 67,000 people again, out of which 20,000 were Chinese.
Another great influence on Californian demography is that of Hispanic people. Actually, California was a territory of the Republic of Mexico until 1846 when it was captured by America. Hence, California was inherently inhabited by only Mexican population.
During the Gold Rush, the Hispanics had to suffer at the hands of the white miners. Consequently, a substantial number of Mexican and Chilean population left California for good. In 1850, as the migration from other nations showed a spurt, the Hispanic population dwindled to 15%, and in 1870, it became only 4%.
In the 19th century, the immigration from Mexico remained low with only 3000 to 4000 immigrants arriving in California in a decade. However, in the latter part of the century, the formulation of anti-Asian immigration laws caused the rapid Chinese influx to slow down.
Decrease in Chinese immigration gave rise to the arrival of Hispanics. The increasing economic development required a larger labor force and thus, in the early 20th century the Mexican population began to immigrate to California.
Today, the population of California 2013 is an impressive conglomeration of people from different ethnic backgrounds. The great arrivals in the 18th, 19th, and 20th century has made this state the most diverse of all the states in the entire USA.
The Hispanic influence is going to be most dominant in the population of California 2013.
The census conducted in 2010 showed that only a little over fifty percent, that is 57.6% of the Californian population was white. The figure was closely followed by Hispanic population at 40.1%, Asians at 13% while blacks forming 6.2% of the population.
Just like in Hawaii and in New Mexico, in California too, the white population will soon become a minority. As per the demographers, the population of California 2013 will witness the presence of as many numbers of Hispanics as Whites. By early 2014, the number of Hispanics will rise against its white counterparts.
The trend is going to continue at the rate of 41% until 2020, which will reduce the percentage of white people to 37%.
In the coming years, the population growth will be lower in California
The 20th century saw a population explosion in California when it tripled because of high immigration. However, from the beginning of the 21st century, California has showed a lower birth rate.
Between 2000 and 2010, the growth rate percentage was just 10%. Statistics reveal that during this period 20 million foreign nationals made California their home. Nevertheless, over 1.5 million Californians moved to other states. Hence, low birth rates could be attributed to the exodus from the rural areas of California.
In 2012 as well, areas like Lassen, Plumas, Alpine, Calaveras, and Modoc experienced heavy loss of population. These areas have a tense economy that encourages people to look for better pastures.
On the other hand, the San Francisco Bay Area and Santa Clara County saw an impressive population growth. This trend is going to last and will be evident in the population of California 2013.