Are you looking for China Population 2013? China is the most populous country of the world. The current population of China is a staggering 1,354,040,000, according to the latest population data which has been released by the current government of China in 2013. Since the world’s total population is approximately 7 billion, China represents nearly 20% of the world’s total population. Hence, one in every five persons on earth resides in China. India is the only other country having more than 1 billion population.
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Throughout history China has been believed to be the most populous nation of the world. For centuries, the population of China has been well ahead of other countries. In 1910, China’s population was around 439 million, that is, a quarter of the world’s population. In the 1953 census, the population of China stood at 583 million. China undertook a series of aggressive measures to halt the population growth rate, ranging from family planning to the one-child policy which resulted in drastic reduction in population growth. China has managed to reach a population of 1.35 billion in 2013. In comparison, the population of California was only 2 million in 1910 and now it is 38 million, but the growth is mostly due to immigration.
Distribution of population in China
It is quite confusing to describe the distribution of China Population 2013. The population mentioned above does not include Taiwan, which the PRC claims as its own territory. It does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau- former colonies of Britain and Portugal respectively. According to latest comparable data the population of Taiwan is 23,162,123, Hong Kong is 7,097,600 and that of Macau is 552,300.
Now coming to Mainland China which has a population of 1.35 billion, the population is distributed very unevenly. Although China has an overalldensityof population which is around 137 persons/sq. km, the major part of the population resides in the eastern half of the country. While the western and northern parts of China have a few million people, the eastern half has more than 1.3 billion people. The coastal and eastern regions of China have a density of population which is 320 persons/sq. km while the western regions have a density of less than 15 persons/sq. km. In comparison California has a population of 38 million in 2013 and adensity which is 242/sq. km.
Largest metropolitan cities in China
Around 53 % of the population of China lives in cities in 2013. So, it is natural for China to have a good number of big cities. There are more than 90 cities in China with more than 1 million population and 5 cities with more than 1 million population. The 5 cities with more than 10 million people are listed below:
Ethnic groups in China
56 distinct ethnic groups are recognized by the People’s Republic of China. 91% of Chinese are Han Chinese. The only other ethnic group comprising more than 1 % of the population is the Zhuang ethnic group. Other important ethnic groups include Manchu, Uyghur, Hui, Miao and Yi. These ethnic minorities are not under the one-child policy.
Religion in China
China is an official atheist state and so there is no census of people on the basis of religion. Although various surveys have been done by other agencies, they do not represent the whole of China. Hence, it is difficult to find accurate data on the religious population figures. Nevertheless it is estimated that 30% of the population may be Taoists and 10% Buddhists with 3% practicing Christianity. These figures are just rough estimates and there is no way of getting the correct data.
Population control in China
After the exponential growth of the Chinese population in the middle of the twentieth century, the government initiated the famous one child policy. The one child policy scheme rewarded couples who agreed to have one child with cash bonuses and better housing, while punishing those who did not follow the scheme. The scheme was a runaway success and managed to cut the population growth rate very rapidly.
Problems associated with declining population growth
The one child policy has drastically reduced the birth rates and fertility rates in China. It has reached to such an extent that there will not be sufficient people to replace the current working population in the future. Experts are concerned that the ageing population will not have sufficient working population for support. Besides it threatens to damage the future economic development of China. Abundant and cheap labor has been the key to China’s economic success. It will become difficult for China’s economy to grow at the same rates as in the past due to its aging population.
Another associated problem is the abnormal sex ratio. China has more males than females while most of the world has more females than males. The preference for boys among Chinese families combined with the one child policy is responsible for such a skewed sex ratio.
China’s population, which was once a burden, has been the key to its economic development. But the current ageing population is now bothering China. Although China has managed to halt its explosive population growth, it is now embroiled in the problems of rapid and declining growth.